Nephrology is a division of medicine that deals with Kidney diseases and disorders. The main Kidney diseases are Acute Renal Failure and Chronic Renal Failure.
Nephrology is the branch of medical science that deals with the diseases of kidneys. It is concerned with normal kidney function, Kidneys are very vital organ of the body with a network of blood vessels and tubes. The function of kidney is to filter blood of its impurities and excess water.
Kidney disease is termed as “silent” disease because it is often unnoticed by many of them as no symptoms appear in the beginning before they get diagnosed. When both kidneys fail to work they cannot filter the wastes which results in vomiting, nausea, fatigue and itching leading to complete weakness.
Acute Renal Failure means decrease in Kidney function or Kidney failure that happens suddenly.
Chronic Renal Failure means decrement in kidney function happening over 3 to 4 months.
Various diseases of kidney are Glomerulonephritis, Diabetic Nephropathy, Urolithiasis or kidney Stone disease, Genetic Kidney disease, etc., The treatment that we give for kidney failure are Hemodialysis, continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis, Kidney Transplantation.
Kidney Biopsy is a minimally invasive investigation done for to know the Ethiopia Pathogenesis that is what is the type of kidney failure that the patient has. That is very useful investigation to know the exact type of kidney injuring.
Nephrology concerns itself with study of the working of the kidneys and its diseases. The diseases that come under nephrology are:-
During a kidney biopsy — also called renal biopsy — your doctor removes a small piece of kidney tissue to examine under a microscope for signs of damage or disease.
Your doctor may recommend a kidney biopsy to diagnose a suspected kidney problem, determine the severity of kidney disease or monitor treatment for kidney disease. You also may need a kidney biopsy if you've had a kidney transplant that's not working properly.
Most often, a doctor performs a kidney biopsy by inserting a thin needle through the skin — a procedure known as percutaneous kidney biopsy. An imaging device helps the doctor guide the needle into the kidney to remove tissue.
A kidney biopsy may be done to:
Your doctor may recommend a kidney biopsy based on the results of blood or urine tests that show:
Not everyone with these problems needs a kidney biopsy. The decision is based on your signs and symptoms, test results, and overall health.
In general, percutaneous kidney biopsy is a safe procedure. Possible risks include:
Before your kidney biopsy, you’ll meet with your doctor to talk about what to expect. This is a good time to ask questions about the procedure and make sure you understand the benefits and risks.
When you meet with your doctor, bring a list of all medications you take, including over-the-counter medications, vitamins and herbal supplements. Before your kidney biopsy, you’ll be asked to stop taking medications and supplements that can increase the risk of bleeding.
After the biopsy, you can expect to:
You may need to rest in bed for 12 to 24 hours after the biopsy, as directed by your doctor. Your health care team will let you know about any activity restrictions, such as avoiding heavy lifting and strenuous exercise.
Your kidney tissue goes to a lab to be examined by a doctor who specializes in diagnosing disease (pathologist). The pathologist uses microscopes and dyes to look for unusual deposits, scarring, infection or other abnormalities in the kidney tissue.
Call your doctor if you experience:
Expect your biopsy report from the pathology lab within about a week. In urgent situations, a full or partial report may be available in less than 24 hours. At a follow-up visit, your doctor will discuss the results. The results may further explain what’s causing your kidney problem, or they may be used to plan or change your treatment.
Nephrology is headed by Dr. T. Saravanan and assisted by 3 duty doctors